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央视新闻: 重磅发布!《新疆的若干历史问题》白皮书(全文)


作者: | 来源:体育外围 央视新闻客户端 | 点击数: | 发布时间: 2019年07月22日

guowuyuanxinwenbangongshijintian(21ri)fabiao《xinjiangderuoganlishiwenti》baipishu。quanwenruxia:

xinjiangderuoganlishiwenti

(2019nian7yue)

zhonghuarenmingongheguo

guowuyuanxinwenbangongshi

mulu

qianyan

yi、xinjiangshizhongguolingtubukefengedeyibufen

体育外围er、xinjiangconglaibushi“dongtujuesitan”

san、xinjianggeminzushizhonghuaminzudezuchengbufen

si、weiwuerzushijingguozhangqiqianxironghexingchengde

wu、xinjianggeminzuwenhuashizhonghuawenhuadezuchengbufen

liu、xinjianglilaishiduozhongzongjiaobingcundediqu

qi、yisilanjiaobushiweiwuerzutianshengxinyangqieweiyixinyangdezongjiao

jieshuyu

前言

体育外围zhongguoxinjiangweiwuerzizhiqudichuzhongguoxibei,weiyuyaoudalufudi,yumengguguo、eluosi、hasakesitan、jierjisisitan、tajikesitan、afuhan、bajisitan、yindu8geguojiajierang,zhumingde“sichouzhilu”zaicijianggudaizhongguoyushijielianxiqilai,shiqichengweiduozhongwenmingdehuicuizhidi。

zhongguoshitongyideduominzuguojia,xinjianggeminzushizhonghuaminzuxuemaixiangliandejiatingchengyuan。zaimanzhangdelishifazhanjinchengzhong,xinjiangdemingyunshizhongyuweidazuguohezhonghuaminzudemingyunjinmixianglian。raner,yigeshiqiyilai,jingneiwaididuishili,tebieshiminzufenlieshili、zongjiaojiduanshili、baolikongbushili(yixiajiancheng“sangushili”),weiledadaofenlie、zhijiezhongguodemude,xuyiwaiqulishi、hunxiaoshifei。tamenmoshaxinjiangshizhongguoguyoulingtu,foudingxinjiangziguyilaijiushiduominzujuju、duowenhuatiyuwaiwei、duozongjiaobingcundengkeguanshishi,wangchengxinjiangwei“dongtujuesitan”,guzaoxinjiang“duli”,qitubaxinjianggeminzuhezhonghuaminzudajiating、xinjianggeminzuwenhuaheduoyuanyitidezhonghuawenhuageliekailai。

体育外围lishiburongcuangai,shishiburongfouding。xinjiangshizhongguoshenshenglingtubukefengedeyibufen,xinjiangconglaidoubushishenme“dongtujuesitan”;weiwuerzushijingguozhangqiqianxironghexingchengde,shizhonghuaminzudezuchengbufen;xinjiangshiduowenhuaduozongjiaobingcundediqu,xinjianggeminzuwenhuashizaizhonghuawenhuahuaibaozhongyunyufazhande;yisilanjiaobushiweiwuerzutianshengxinyangqieweiyixinyangdezongjiao,yuzhonghuawenhuaxiangronghedeyisilanjiaozhagenzhonghuawotubingjiankangfazhan。

一、新疆是中国领土不可分割的一部分

体育外围zhongguotongyiduominzuguojiadexingcheng,shijingjishehuifazhandelishibiran。lishishang,yangyuzhonghuaminzujiqixianmindedongyadalu,jiyounonggengqu,yeyouyoumuqudeng。gezhongshengchanshenghuofangshizuqundetiyuwaiweihubu、qianxihuiju、chongturonghe,tuidonglezhongguotongyiduominzuguojiadexingchenghefazhan。

zhongguolishishangzuizaodejigewangchaoxia、shang、zhouxianhouzaizhongyuandiquxingqi,yuqizhouweidedaxiaoshizu、buluo、buluolianmengzhujianronghexingchengdezuquntongchengweizhuxiahuohuaxia。jingchunqiuzhizhanguo,huaxiazuqunbuduantongwangchaozhoubiandeshizu、buluo、buluolianmengtiyuwaiweironghe,zhujianxingchengleqi、chu、yan、han、zhao、wei、qindeng7gediqu,bingfenbielianxizhedongyi、nanman、xirong、beididengzhoubianzhuzu。gongyuanqian221nian,qinshihuangjianlidiyigetongyidefengjianwangchao。gongyuanqian202nian,hangaozuliubangzaicijianlitongyidefengjianwangchao。

体育外围conghandaizhiqingdaizhongwanqi,baokuoxinjiangtianshannanbeizaineideguangdadiqutongchengweixiyu。zihandaikaishi,xinjiangdiquzhengshichengweizhongguobantudeyibufen。hanchaoyihou,lidaizhongyuanwangchaoshiqiangshiruo,hexiyudeguanxiyoushuyoumi,zhongyangzhengquanduixinjiangdiqudeguanzhishijinshisong,danrenheyigewangchaodoubaxiyushiweigutu,xingshizheduigaidiqudeguanxiaquan。zaizhongguotongyiduominzuguojiadelishiyanjinzhong,xinjianggezurenmintongquanguorenminyidaogongtongkaituolezhongguodeliaokuojiangtu,gongtongdizaoleduoyuanyitidezhonghuaminzudajiating。zhongguoduominzudayitonggeju,shibaokuoxinjianggezurenminzaineidequantizhonghuaernvgongtongfendouzaojiude。

体育外围xihanqianqi,zhongguobeifangyoumuminzuxiongnukongzhixiyudiqu,bingbuduanjinfanzhongyuandiqu。hanwudijiweihou,caiquyixiliejunshihezhengzhicuoshifanjixiongnu。gongyuanqian138nian、gongyuanqian119nian,paiqianzhangqianliangcichushixiyu,lianheyueshi、wusundenggongtongduifuxiongnu。gongyuanqian127nianzhigongyuanqian119nian,3cichubingzhongchuangxiongnu,bingzaineiditongwangxiyudeyanhouyaodaoxianhousheliwuwei、zhangye、jiuquan、dunhuangsijun。gongyuanqian101nian,zailuntaidengdijinxingtuntian,bingshezhidifangguanliguanli。gongyuanqian60nian,kongzhidongbutianshanbeiludexiongnurizhuwangjianghan,xihantongyixiyu。tongnian,shexiyudouhufuzuoweiguanlixiyudejunzhengjigou。gongyuan123nian,donghangaixiyudouhufuweixiyuzhangshifu,jixuxingshiguanlixiyudezhiquan。

sanguocaoweizhengquanjichenghanzhi,zaixiyushewujixiaowei。xijinzaixiyushezhixiyuzhangshihewujixiaoweiguanlijunzhengshiwu。sanguoliangjinshiqi,beifangxiongnu、xianbei、dingling、wuhuandengminzubufenneiqianbingzuihouyuhanzuronghe。327nian,qianliangzhengquanshoucijiangjunxianzhituiguangdaoxiyu,shegaochangjun(tulufanpendi)。cong460niandao640nian,yitulufanpendiweizhongxin,jianlileyihanrenweizhutijumindegaochangguo,likan、zhang、ma、quzhushi。suidai,jieshulezhongyuanzhangqigejuzhuangtai,kuodalejunxianzhizaixinjiangdiqudefanwei。tujue、tuguhun、dangxiang、jialiangyi、fuguodengzhoubianminzuxianhouguifusuichao。tangdai,zhongyangzhengquanduixiyudeguanlidaweijiaqiang,xianhoushezhianxidadouhufuhebeitingdadouhufu,tongxiatianshannanbei。yutianwangguozichengtangchaozongshu,suitangchaoguoxingli。songdai,xiyudifangzhengquanyusongchaobaochizhechaogongguanxi。gaochanghuiguzunzhongchao(song)weijiu,zichengxizhouwaisheng。kalahanwangchaoduocipaishichenxiangsongchaochaogong。yuandai,shebeitingdouyuanshuaifu、xuanweisidengguanlijunzhengshiwu,jiaqiangleduixiyudeguanxia。1251nian,xiyushixingxingshengzhi。mingdai,zhongyangzhengquanshelihamiweizuoweiguanlixiyushiwudejigou,bingzaijiayuguanhehamizhijianxianhoujianlianding、aduan、quxian、handong、chijinmenggu、shazhou6gewei,yicizhichiguanlixiyushiwu。qingdai,qingzhengfupingdingzhungaerpanluan,zhongguoxibeiguojiedeyiqueding。cihou,duixinjiangdiqushixinglegengjiaxitongdezhilizhengce。1762niansheliyilijiangjun,shixingjunzhengheyidejunfutizhi。1884nianzaixinjiangdiqujiansheng,bingqu“gutuxingui”zhiyi,gaichengxiyuwei“xinjiang”。1912nianxinjiangjijixiangyingxinhaigeming,chengweizhonghuaminguodeyigexingsheng。

体育外围1949nianzhonghuarenmingongheguochengli,xinjianghepingjiefang。1955nianchenglixinjiangweiwuerzizhiqu。zaizhongguogongchandanglingdaoxia,xinjianggezurenmintongquanguorenmingongtongtuanjiefendou,xinjiangjinrulishishangzuihaodefanrongfazhanshiqi。

体育外围zaizhangqidelishijinchengzhong,zhongguojiangtujiyougejushiqiyouyoutongyishiqi,tongyiyugejujiaotixunhuan,guojiatongyifazhanshizhongshizhuliufangxiang。tongzhongyuandiqubutongshiqicengjingcunzaizhuhouguohuogejuzhengquanyiyang,xinjiangdiquyeduocichuxiandifangzhengquangejuqingkuang,danbulunzheixiezhengquangejushijianyouduozhang、jumianyouduoyanzhong,zuizhongdouzouxiangzhongxintongyi。lishishang,xiyubutongshiqicengjingcunzaide“guo”,baokuochengguozhuguo、xingguo、fengguo、wangguo、hanguo、wangchao、shuguo、chaogongguodengxingtai,wulunshihandaixiyusanshiliuguo,haishisongdaikalahanwangchao、gaochanghuiguwangguodeng,yuandaichahetaihanguo,mingdaiyeerqianghanguo,doushizhongguojiangyuneidedifangzhengquanxingshi,doubushidulideguojia。jibianshidifanggejuzhengquan,yedouyounonghoudezhongguoyitiyishi,huorenweizijishizhongyuanzhengquandefenzhi,huochenshuyuzhongyuanzhengquan。songdaizhuminglishiwenxian《tujueyudacidian》jiangdangshizhongguofenweishangqin、zhongqinhexiaqin3bufen,shangqinweibeisong,zhongqinshiliaochao,xiaqinweikashengaeryidai,sanweiyitiweiwanzhengdeqin。zai《zhangchunzhenrenxiyouji》zhonghanrenbeichengweitaohuashi,xiangyingzai《tujueyudacidian》citiaoli,huigurenbeichengweitate·taohuashi,yeyoudezhiyiweizhongguohuiguren。zaikalahanwangchaoqianbishang,changyoutaohuashi·bugelahan、qinzhiwangyijiqinyudongfangzhiwangdengchenghu,biaoshishizhongguodeyibufen。

二、新疆从来不是“东突厥斯坦”

tujueshi6shijizhongyexingqiyuaertaishandiqudeyigeyoumubuluo,yu552nianxiaomierouranhanguo,jianlitujuehanguo。583nian,tujuehanguoyiaertaishanweijie,fenweidong、xiliangdashili。630nian,tangchaofabingjibaidongtujuehanguo。657nian,tangchaolianhehuihemiexitujuehanguo,zhongyangzhengquanwanquantongyixiyu。682nian,anzhizaibeifangdedongtujuebuzhongfanpantangchao,yidujianlilehoutujuehanguozhengquan。744nian,tangchaoyumobeihuihe、geluoludenglianshoupingdinglehoutujuehanguo。huiheshoulinggulipeiluoyingongbeicefengweihuairenkehan,zaimobeijianlihuihehanguo。tujuezuoweitiyuwaiweiguogudaideyigeyoumuminzu,yesuizhehanguodexiaowangyu8shijizhonghouqijieti,bingzaixiqianzhongyaxiyaguochengzhongyudangdibuzuronghe,xingchengduogexindeminzu,xindeminzuyugutujueminzuyoubenzhiqubie。congci,tujuezaitiyuwaiweiguobeifangtuichulishiwutai。

zhongguolishishangconglaimeiyoubaxinjiangchengwei“dongtujuesitan”,gengbucunzaisuoweide“dongtujuesitanguo”。18shijizhi19shijishangbanye,suizhexifangduiaertaiyuxitujueyuzugezhongyuyandehuafen,yixieguojiadexuezhehezuojiapinfanshiyong“tujuesitan”yici,zhidaitianshanyinandaoafuhanbeibu,datibaokuoxinjiangnanbudaozhongyadediyu,bingqiexiguanyipamiergaoyuanweijie,jiangzheiyidiliquyufenwei“xitujuesitan”he“dongtujuesitan”。19shijimo20shijichu,“fantujuezhuyi”“fanyisilanzhuyi”sichaochuanruxinjiangyihou,jingneiwaifenlieshilijiangzheigedilimingcizhengzhihua,jiangqineihankuodahua,guzaosuoyoushiyongtujueyuzuyuyanhexinfengyisilanjiaodeminzulianheqilai,zuchengzhengjiaoheyide“dongtujuesitanguo”。suoweide“dongtujuesitan”lundiao,chengweijingneiwaiminzufenlieshili、guowaifanhuashiliqitufenliezhongguo、zhijiezhongguodezhengzhigongjuhexingdonggangling。

三、新疆各民族是中华民族的组成部分

体育外围zhonghuaminzudexingchengyufazhan,shizhongyuangezuhewenhuatongzhoubianzhuzuhewenhualianxubuduanjiaowangtiyuwaiweijiaorongdelishiguocheng。xianqinshiqidehuaxiazuqun,jingguozhangqiyuzhouweizuqundeduoyuanronghe,tebieshijingguochunqiuzhanguo500yuniandadongdangdejiaohuiyuronghe,zhiqinhanzhiji,jinyibuyuzhouweizuqunrongheweiyiti,xingchengyizhongyuanrenkoujuduodehanzu,bingcongcichengweizhongguolishijinchengdezhutiminzu。weijinnanbeichaoshiqi,geminzuyouqishibeifangshaoshuminzuxiangzhongyuandaqianxi,chuxianledaronghedejumian。13shijiyuanchaojianli,guimokongqiandezhengzhitongyijumiantuidongleguimokongqiandeminzuqianxi,xingchengleyuanchaojingneiguangfandeminzuzajujumian。zhonghuageminzuzaizhangqifazhanzhong,zuizhongxingchengdazaju、xiaojujudefenbutedian。duominzushizhongguodeyidatese,geminzugongtongkaifalezuguodejinxiuheshan、guangmaojiangyu,gongtongchuangzaoleyoujiudezhongguolishi、canlandezhonghuawenhua。

体育外围xinjiangdiquzigujiutongzhongyuandiqubaochizhemiqielianxi。zaozaishangdai,zhongyuantongxiyujiuyouyushimaoyi。handaizhangqian“zaokongxiyu”datongsichouzhilu,shizhexiangwangyudao,shanglvbujueyutu。tangdai“juanmahushi”chixufansheng,“cantiankehandadao”zhitongneidi,yantuyizhanxingluoqibu,chengweixiyuxianmintongzhongyuanmiqielianxideniudai。yutianle、gaochangle、huxuanwudengxiyulewushenrugongting,zhanganchengliuxingxiyufeng。chuzijinxinjiangkuchedeguizilexiangyuzhongyuan,chengweisuitangzhisongdaigongtingyanledezhongyaozuchengbufen。jindaiyilai,zaizhonghuaminzumianlinshengsicunwangdeweijiguantou,xinjianggezurenmintongquanguorenminyidao,fenqifankang、gongfuguonan,gongtongpuxielekegekeqideaiguozhuyipianzhang。xinzhongguochengliyilai,xinjianggeminzuguanxijinrupingdeng、tuanjie、huzhu、hexiedexinshiqi。

xinjiangziguyilaijiushiduominzujujudiqu。zuizaokaifaxinjiangdiqudeshixianqinzhiqinhanshiqishenghuozaitianshannanbeidesairen、yueshiren、wusunren、qiangren、guiziren、yanqiren、yutianren、shuleren、shacheren、loulanren、cheshiren,yijixiongnuren、hanrendeng。weijinnanbeichaoshiqidexianbei、rouran、gaoche、yanda、tuguhun,suitangshiqidetujue、tufan、huihe,songliaojinshiqideqidan,yuanmingqingshiqidemenggu、nvzhen、dangxiang、hasake、keerkezi、man、xibo、dawoer、hui、wuzibieke、tataerzudeng,meigelishishiqidouyoubaokuohanzuzaineidebutongminzudedaliangrenkoujinchuxinjiangdiqu,dailailebutongdeshengchanjishu、wenhuaguannian、fengsuxiguan,zaitiyuwaiweironghezhongcujinjingjishehuifazhan,tamenshixinjiangdiqudegongtongkaituozhe。zhi19shijimo,yiyouweiwuer、han、hasake、menggu、hui、keerkezi、man、xibo、tajike、dawoer、wuzibieke、tataer、eluosideng13gezhuyaominzudingjuxinjiang,xingchengweiwuerzurenkoujuduo、duominzujujufenbudegeju。geminzuzaixinjiangdiqujingguodanyu、fenhua、jiaorong,xingchenglexuenongyushui、xiuqiyugongdeguanxi。geminzudouweikaifa、tiyuwaiwei、baoweixinjiangzuochulezhongyaogongxian,doushixinjiangdezhuren。muqian,xinjianggongshenghuozhe56geminzu,shizhongguominzuchengfenzuiquandeshengjixingzhengquzhiyi。qizhong,chaoguo100wanrenkoudeyouweiwuerzu、hanzu、hasakezuhehuizu4geminzu,chaoguo10wanrenkoudeyoukeerkezizu、mengguzu2geminzu。xinjiangdiqujishixinjianggeminzudejiayuan,yeshizhonghuaminzugongtongjiayuandezuchengbufen。

体育外围xinjiangdiquminzuguanxideyanbian,shizhonghezhonghuageminzuguanxiyanbianxianglianxi。geminzuyougehechongtugengyoutiyuwaiweironghe,tuanjieningju、gongtongfenjinshizhongshizhuliu。baokuoxinjianggeminzuzaineidezhonghuageminzu,fenbushangjiaocuozaju,jingjishangxianghuyicun,wenhuashangjianshoubingxu,qingganshangxianghuqinjin,xingchengnizhongyoutiyuwaiwei、tiyuwaiweizhongyouni、sheiyelibukaisheideduoyuanyitigeju,shiyigedajiatinglibutongchengyuandeguanxi。zaizhonghuaminzudajiatingzhong,xinjianggeminzushouzuxiangqin、shouwangxiangzhu,xiuqixiangguan、rongruyugong,gongtongshengchanshenghuo,diyuwailaiqinlve,fanduiminzufenlie,weihuzuguotongyi。

四、维吾尔族是经过长期迁徙融合形成的

weiwuerzuxianmindezhutishisuitangshiqidehuiheren,huodongzaimenggugaoyuan,cengjingyouwuhu、wuhe、yuanhe、weihe、huihedengduozhonghanyimingcheng。huiherenweilefankangtujuedeyapohenuyi,lianhetielezhubuzhongdepugu、tongluodengbuzuchenglehuihebuluolianmeng。744nian,tongyilehuihegebudeshoulinggulipeiluoshoutangchaocefeng。788nian,huihetongzhizheshangshutangchao,ziqinggaiwei“huigu”。840nian,huiguhanguobeixiajiasigongpo,huigurenchuyibufenqianruneiditonghanrenronghewai,qiyufenwei3zhi: yizhiqianwangtulufanpendihejintiandejimusaerdiqu,jianlilegaochanghuiguwangguo;yizhiqianwanghexizoulang,yudangdizhuzujiaowangronghe,xingchengyuguzu;yizhiqianwangpamieryixi,houfenbuzaizhongyazhijinkashenyidai,yugeluolu、yangmodengbuzuyiqijianlilekalahanwangchao。huigurenxiangjirongheletulufanpendidehanren、talimupendideyanqiren、guiziren、yutianren、shulerendeng,gouchengjindaiweiwuerzudezhuti。yuandai,weiwuerzuxianminzaihanyuzhongyouchengweiwuer。yuanmingshiqi,xinjianggeminzujinyiburonghe,menggurenyouqishichahetaihanguodemenggurenjibenheweiwuerrenrongweiyiti,weiweiwuerbuchonglexinxianxueye。1934nian,xinjiangshengfabuzhengfuling,juedingtongyishiyongweiwuerzuoweihanwenguifanchengwei,yiweiweihunitiyuwaiweituanjie,shoucijingquebiaodaleuygurmingchengdebenyi。

lishishang,weiwuerzuxianminshoutujuerennuyi,liangzheshibeinuyihenuyideguanxi。weiwuerzuxianminhuihezaoqishoutujuetongzhi,zaitangchaojunduizhichixia,qibingfankangdongtujuehanguo,bingxianhougongmiexitujuehanguo、houtujuehanguo。xitujuehanguomiewanghou,yixieshiyongtujueyuzuyuyandebuluoxiangxiqianxi,qizhongyizhizhangqizhanzhuanxiqianxiaoyaxiya,rongrudangdizhuzu。weiwuerrenbushitujuerendehouyi。

jindaiyilai,yixie“fantujuezhuyi”fenziyixiqiandebufenshiyongtujueyuzuyuyandebuluorongrudangdizhuzuweijiekou,bashiyongtujueyuzuyuyandegeminzudoushuochengshitujueren,zheishibieyouyongxinde。yuzuheminzushilianggebutongdegainian,youzhebenzhidequbie。zhongguoshiyongtujueyuzuyuyandeyouweiwuer、hasake、keerkezi、wuzibieke、tataer、yugu、saladengminzu,tamendoujuyougezilishihewenhuatezhi,juebushisuowei“tujuezu”dezuchengbufen。

五、新疆各民族文化是中华文化的组成部分

zhonghuaminzujuyou5000duoniandewenmingfazhanshi,geminzugongtongchuangzaoleyoujiudezhongguolishi、canlandezhonghuawenhua。qinhanxiongfeng、shengtangqixiang、kangqianshengshi,shigeminzugongtongzhujiudehuihuang。duominzuduowenhuashizhongguodeyidatese,yeshiguojiafazhandezhongyaodongli。

体育外围ziguyilai,youyudilichayihequyufazhanbupingheng,zhonghuawenhuachengxianfengfudeduoyuanzhuangtai,cunzainanbei、dongxichayi。chunqiuzhanguoshiqi,gejutesedequyuwenhuayidatixingcheng。qinhanyihou,lijinggedai,zaizhongguoliaokuodejiangtushang,tongguoqianxi、juhe、zhanzheng、heqin、hushideng,geminzuwenhuabuduanjinxingtiyuwaiweijiaorong,zuizhongxingchengqixianghuihongdezhonghuawenhua。

体育外围zaozai2000duonianqian,xinjiangdiqujiushizhonghuawenmingxiangxikaifangdemenhu,shidongxifangwenmingtiyuwaiweichuanbodezhongdi,zheiliduoyuanwenhuahuicui、duozhongwenhuabingcun。zhongyuanwenhuahexiyuwenhuazhangqitiyuwaiweijiaorong,jituidonglexinjianggeminzuwenhuadefazhan,yecujinleduoyuanyitidezhonghuawenhuafazhan。xinjianggeminzuwenhuacongyikaishijiudashanglezhonghuawenhuadeyinji。zhonghuawenhuashizhongshixinjianggeminzudeqingganyituo、xinlingguisuhejingshenjiayuan,yeshixinjianggeminzuwenhuafazhandedongliyuanquan。

zhongyuanyuxiyudejingjiwenhuatiyuwaiweishiyuxianqinshiqi。daohandai,hanyuyichengweixiyuguanfuwenshuzhongdetongyongyuzhiyi,pipa、qiangdidengleqiyouxiyuhuotongguoxiyuchuanruzhongyuan,zhongyuannongyeshengchanjishu、liyizhidu、hanyushuji、yinlewudaodengzaixiyuguangfanchuanbo。gaochanghuigushiyongtangdailishu,yizhiyanxudao10shijixiabanqi。tangdaishirencencandeshiju“huamenjiangjunshanhuge,yehefanwangnenghanyu”,shidangshixinjiangdiquminhanyuyanbingyong、wenhuafanrongjingxiangdexiezhao。songdai,tianshannanludefojiaoyishuyiranxingsheng,zhijinrengliuyoudaliangyiji。xiliaoshiqi,qidanrenzhengfukalahanwangchao,kongzhixinjiangdiquhezhongya,dianzhanglizhiduoyanxizhongyuanjiuzhi。yuandai,dapiweiwuerdengshaoshuminzuyijuneidishenghuo,xuexishiyonghanyu,youdecanjiakejukaoshibingbeiluyongweigejiguanyuan,yongxianleyipizhengzhijia、wenxuejia、yishujia、shixuejia、nongxuejia、fanyijiadeng,youlituidonglexinjianggeminzuwenhuadefazhan。mingqingshiqi,shouyisilanwenhuadeyingxiang,xinjianggeminzuwenhuazaitongyuwaiwenhuajixishouyouchongtudeguochengzhongpaihuaifazhan。jinxiandaiyilai,zaixinhaigeming、eguoshiyuegeming、wusiyundong、xinminzhuzhuyigemingdouzhengyingxiangxia,xinjianggeminzuwenhuaxiangxiandaizhuanxing,geminzudeguojiarentonghezhonghuawenhuarentongdadaoxindegaodu。xinzhongguochenglihou,xinjianggeminzuwenhuajinrushiwuqianlidedafanrongdafazhanshiqi。lishizhengming,xinjiangdiqufanshiduoyubingyong、tiyuwaiweipinfandeshiqi,yeshigeminzuwenhuaboxing、shehuijinbudeshiqi。xuexishiyongguojiatongyongyuyanwenzi,shifanrongfazhanxinjianggeminzuwenhuadezhongyaolishijingyan。

xinjianggeminzuwenhuashizhongzhagenzhonghuawenmingwotu,shizhonghuawenhuabukefengedeyibufen。zaozaiyisilanwenhuachuanruxinjiangzhiqian,baokuoweiwuerzuwenhuazaineidexinjianggeminzuwenhuayizaizhonghuawenmingwotuzhongzhifanyemao。yuanzi7shijidealabowenmingtixideyisilanwenhua,zhidao9shijimo10shijichu,suizheyisilanjiaochuanruxiyucaiduixinjianggeminzuwenhuafashengyingxiang。zongjiaoduiwenhuadeyingxiang,jiyouziyuanjieshoudetujing,yeyoutongguowenhuachongtushenzhizongjiaozhanzhengdeqiangzhifangshi。zaixinjiang,yisilanjiaohendachengdushangshitongguohouyizhongfangshijinru,zheidaozhifojiaoliuxingshiqichuangzaodexinjianggeminzuwenhuayishuzaodaoyanzhongpohuai。yisilanwenhuachuanruxinjiang,xinjianggeminzuwenhuajiyoudizhi,gengyouxuanzexingxishouhezhongguohuagaizao,jimeiyougaibianshuyuzhonghuawenmingdetezhihezouxiang,yemeiyougaibianshuyuzhonghuawenhuayibufendekeguanshishi。chanshengyu9shijizhi10shijideyingxiongshishi《manasi》,jingguokeerkezigeshoushidaichuanchangyujiagong,chengweixiangyuzhongwaidewenxuejuzhu。15shijiqianhou,mengguzuweilateyingxiongshishi《jianggeer》zaixinjiangdiquzhujianxingcheng,yu《manasi》《gesaerwangchuan》yiqibeiyuweizhongguoshaoshuminzu3buzuizhumingdeshishi。weiwuerzuwenxuejiazuofencheng,daibiaozuo《fulezhihui》《zhenliderumen》《tujueyudacidian》《shiermukamu》deng,douchengweizhonghuawenhuabaokuzhongdezhenpin,xinjianggeminzuduizhonghuawenhuadexingchenghefazhandouzuochulegongxian。

zhonghuawenhuarentongshixinjianggeminzuwenhuafanrongfazhanzhiji。lishishang,fanshizhongyangwangchaoduixinjiangjinxingyouxiaozhili、shehuiwendingdeshiqi,xinjianggeminzuwenhuahezhongyuanwenhuadetiyuwaiweijiaorongjiuchangtong,jingjiwenhuajiufanrongxingwang;fanshixinjianggeminzuwenhuabingchengzhonghuawenhuachongrenai、zhongminben、shouchengxin、jiangbianzheng、shanghehe、qiudatongdesixiang,duiduoyuanwenhuaxishouronghe、jianshoubingxu,duoyuanyitidetezhengjiuyuemingxian,xinjianggeminzuwenhuajiuyuejinbu。xinjianggeminzuwenhuayaofanrongfazhan,bixuyushijujin,shulikaifang、baoronglinian,jianchiyuzhonghuageminzuwenhuatiyuwaiweironghe,yushijieduominzuwenhuatiyuwaiweihujian,tiyuwaiweigeminzugongyoujingshenjiayuan。

六、新疆历来是多种宗教并存的地区

zhongguoziguyilaijiushiduozongjiaodeguojia,chulezuzhixing、zhiduxingjiaoqiangdejidazongjiaowai,haicunzaidaliangdeminjianxinyang。chuledaojiaoheminjianxinyangshizhongguotushengtuzhangdezhiwai,qitadouyouguowaichuanru。xinjiangdiqulilaiyeshiduozhongzongjiaoxinyangbingcun,yijiaohuoliangjiaoweizhu、duojiaobingcunshixinjiangzongjiaogejudelishitedian,jiaoronggongcunshixinjiangzongjiaoguanxidezhuliu。

xinjiangduozhongzongjiaobingcungejuxingchengheyanbianjinglilemanzhangdelishiguocheng。zaozaigongyuanqian4shijiyiqian,xinjiangliuxingdeshiyuanshizongjiao。dayuegongyuanqian1shiji,fojiaochuanruxinjiangdiqu,4shijizhi10shiji,fojiaojinrudingshengshiqi。tongqi,xianjiaoliuxingyuxinjianggedi。zhi16shijimo17shijichu,zangchuanfojiaozaibeijiangdiquzhujianxingshengqilai。daojiaoyu5shijiqianhouchuanruxinjiang,zhuyaoshengxingyutulufan、hamidengdi,zhiqingdaichuanbozhixinjiangdabufendiqubingyidufuxing。monijiaohejingjiaoyu6shijixiangjichuanruxinjiang。10shijizhi14shiji,jingjiaosuizhehuigudengminzuxinyangerxingsheng。

9shijimo10shijichu,kalahanwangchaojieshouyisilanjiao,bingyu10shijizhongyexiangxinyangfojiaodeyutianwangguofadong40yunianzongjiaozhanzheng,11shijichugongmieyutian,qiangzhituixingyisilanjiao,jieshulefojiaozaizheigediquqianyuniandelishi。suizheyisilanjiaodebuduanchuanbo,xianjiao、monijiao、jingjiaodengzongjiaoriqushuailuo。14shijizhongye,dongchahetaihanguotongzhizheyizhanzhengdengqiangzhishouduan,jiangyisilanjiaozhujiantuixingdaotalimupendibeiyuan、tulufanpendihehamiyidai。zhi16shijichu,xinjiangxingchengleyiyisilanjiaoweizhuyaozongjiao、duozhongzongjiaobingcundegejubingyanxuzhijin,yuanlaidangdijuminxinyangdexianjiao、monijiao、jingjiaodengzhujianxiaoshi,fojiao、daojiaorengrancunzai。17shijichu,weilatemenggurenjieshoulezangchuanfojiao。yuezi18shijishi,jidujiao、tianzhujiao、dongzhengjiaoxiangjichuanruxinjiang。

xinjiangxianyouyisilanjiao、fojiao、daojiao、jidujiao、tianzhujiao、dongzhengjiaodengzongjiao。qingzhensi、jiaotang、siyuan、daoguandengzongjiaohuodongchangsuo2.48wanzuo,zongjiaojiaozhirenyuan2.93wanren。qizhong,qingzhensi2.44wanzuo,fojiaosiyuan59zuo,daojiaogongguan1zuo,jidujiaojiaotang(juhuidian)227ge,tianzhujiaojiaotang(juhuidian)26ge,dongzhengjiaojiaotang(juhuidian)3zuo。

体育外围tongshijieshangdaduoshuguojiayiyang,zhongguojianchizhengjiaofenliyuanze。renhezongjiaobudeganyuzhengzhi、ganyuzhengfushiwu,budeliyongzongjiaoganyuxingzheng、sifa、jiaoyu、hunyin、jihuashengyudeng,budeliyongzongjiaofangaizhengchangshehuizhixu、gongzuozhixu、shenghuozhixu,budeliyongzongjiaofanduizhongguogongchandangheshehuizhuyizhidu、pohuaiminzutuanjieheguojiatongyi。

xinjiangquanmianguancheguojiazongjiaoxinyangziyoudexianfayuanze,jizunzhongxinyangzongjiaodeziyou、youzunzhongbuxinyangzongjiaodeziyou,juebuyunxuzaixinjiaohebuxinjiao、xinzheizhongjiaohexinneizhongjiao、xinzheiyijiaopaihexinneiyijiaopaiqunzhongzhijianzhizaofenzheng。xinjiangshizhongjianchigezongjiaoyilvpingdeng,duisuoyouzongjiaoyishitongren,bupiantanmougezongjiao,yebuqishimougezongjiao,renhezongjiaobudexiangyouchaoyueqitazongjiaodeteshudiwei。xinjiangshizhongjianchifalvmianqianrenrenpingdeng,xinjiaoqunzhonghebuxinjiaoqunzhongxiangyoutongdengquanli、lvxingtongdengyiwu,wulunshenmeren、nageminzu、xinyangshenmezongjiao,zhiyaoweifa,jiubixuyifachuli。

tongsuozaishehuixiangshiyingshizongjiaoshengcunfazhandequshiheguilv。zhongguozongjiaofazhandelishizhengming,zhiyoujianchizhongguohuafangxiang,zongjiaocainenggenghaodiyuzhongguoshehuixiangshiying。xinzhongguochengli70niandelishiyezhengming,zongjiaozhiyouyushehuizhuyishehuixiangshiying,cainengjiankangfazhan。bixujianchidulizizhuzibanyuanze,fangzhiyiqie“quzhongguohua”qingxiang。bixudalipeiyanghetichangshisuhuaxiandaihuadewenmingshenghuofangshi,bingqiyumeiluohoudechenguilouxi。bixuhongyangzongjiaozhongguohuadelishichuantong,yongshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanyinling、yongzhonghuawenhuajinrunzhongguogezhongzongjiao,nulibazongjiaojiaoyitongzhonghuawenhuaxiangronghe,jijiyindaobaokuoyisilanjiaozaineidegezhongzongjiaozouzhongguohuadaolu。

七、伊斯兰教不是维吾尔族天生信仰且唯一信仰的宗教

体育外围weiwuerzuxianminzuichuxinyangyuanshizongjiaohesamanjiao,houlaixiangjixinyangguoxianjiao、fojiao、monijiao、jingjiao、yisilanjiaodeng。tangsongshiqi,zaigaochanghuiguwangguoheyutianwangguo,shangzhiwanggongguizu、xiazhidicengminzhongpubianxinyangfojiao。yuandai,youdalianghuigurengaixinjingjiao。zhidaojintian,rengyouyixieweiwuerzuqunzhongxinfengqitazongjiao,yeyouxuduorenbuxinyangzongjiao。

体育外围yisilanjiaochuanruxinjiangdiqu,yualabodiguoxingqiheyisilanjiaoyouxixiangdongkuozhangyouguan。weiwuerzuxinyangyisilanjiao,bushidangshiminzhongzhudonggaixinhezhuanxing,ershizongjiaozhanzhenghetongzhijiejiqiangzhituixingdejieguo。suiranzheizhongqiangpobingbuyingxiangjintianzunzhongweiwuerzuqunzhongxinyangyisilanjiaodequanli,dantashiyigelishishishi。yisilanjiaojibushiweiwuerzutianshengxinyangdezongjiao,yebushiweiyixinyangdezongjiao。

xinjiangdeweiwuer、hasakedengminzudexianminzaijieshouyisilanjiaoguochengzhong,jibaoliulezheixieminzuyuanyoudexinyanghewenhuachuantong,youxishoulexinjiangdiquqitaminzuheneididewenhua,yixieyuanyoudezongjiaoguannian、yishi、fengsuxiguanjingyanhuadeyicunxu,bingxianghuyingxiang,zhujianxingchenglejuyouxianmingdiyutezhengheminzutesedexinjiangyisilanjiao。liru,yisilanjiaoyuanbenfanduichongbaianlazhiwaiderenherenhuowu,danweiwuerdengminzuzhijinrengyoumazhachongbai,zheishiyisilanjiaobentuhuazuidianxingdebiaoxian。zaimazhashangligaogan、guaqifan、xuanyangpidengxisu,zeshisamanjiao、fojiaodengduoyuanzongjiaodeyicun。youru,shijianyuqianlongnianjiandeyiningbaitulaqingzhensi、wulumuqishanxidasideng,zaixiujianshicaiyongleneidichuantongliangzhushijiegou。zheidoushiyisilanjiaozhongguohuadejutibiaoxian。

zhidezhuyideshi,20shiji70niandaimo80niandaichuyilai,tebieshilengzhanjieshuhou,shouguojizongjiaojiduanzhuyisichaoyingxiang,zongjiaojiduanzhuyizaixinjiangzishengmanyan,daozhibaokonganshijianduofapinfa,jixinjiangshehuiwendingherenminshengmingcaichananquanzaochengjidaweihai。zongjiaojiduanzhuyipizhezongjiaowaiyi、dazhezongjiaoqihao,xuanyang“shenquanzhengzhilun”“zongjiaozhishanglun”“yijiaotulun”“shengzhanlun”deng,shandongbaolikongbu,zhizaozuqunduili。zongjiaojiduanzhuyiyuyisilanjiaodengzongjiaochangdaodeaiguo、heping、tuanjie、zhongdao、kuanrong、shanxingdengjiaoyibeidaoerchi,qibenzhishifanrenlei、fanshehui、fanwenming、fanzongjiaode。zongjiaojiduanzhuyishiduizongjiaodebeipan,juebunengbazongjiaojiduansixiangtongzongjiaowentichezaiyiqi,juebunengyongzongjiaowentilaitizongjiaojiduansixiangzuoshuoci,juebunengjiekoushejizongjiaowentiertuituoqingchuzongjiaojiduansixiangdezeren。xinjiangjiejianguojijingyan,jiehebendiqushiji,caiqujianjuecuoshi,yifakaizhanfankonghequjiduanhuadouzheng,chenzhongdajilebaokongshilidexiaozhangqiyan,youliezhilezongjiaojiduansixiangdezishengmanyan,manzulexinjianggezurenminduianquandeyinqieqidai,baozhanglejibenrenquan,weihuleshehuihexiewending。xinjiangdefankong、qujiduanhuadouzheng,shirenleizhengyi、wenmingduixiee、yemandedouzheng,liyingdedaozhichi、zunzhonghelijie。guojishangyoudeguojia、zuzhihuogeren,fengxingfankongherenquan“shuangzhongbiaozhun”,duicihengjiazhize,hushuobadao,wanquanweibeilerenleigonglihejibenliangzhi,zheishiyiqieaihaozhengyihejinbuderensuojuebunengdayingde。

结束语

lishiwentishizhongdayuanzewenti。yunyonglishiweiwuzhuyi、bianzhengweiwuzhuyidelichang、guandianhefangfa,zhengquerenshiguojia、lishi、minzu、wenhua、zongjiaodengwenti,kexuehuidaxinjiangruoganlishiwenti,guanxizhonghuaminzudeningjuli、xiangxinli,guanxizhongguodetongyiheguojiazhangzhijiuan,guanxidiquanquan、wendinghefazhan。

体育外围dangqian,xinjiangjingjichixufazhan,shehuihexiewending,minshengbuduangaishan,wenhuakongqianfanrong,zongjiaohemuheshun,gezurenminxiangshiliuziyiyangjinjintuanjiezaiyiqi,xinjiangchuyulishishangzuihaodefanrongfazhanshiqi。jingwaididuishiliyu“sangushili”hangxieyiqi,duzhuanlishi、waiqushishi,nilishichaoliuerdong,qijieguobijiangbeilishiherenminsuotuoqi。

xinjiangshuyuxinjianggezurenmin,shuyuzhenggezhonghuaminzu。jianshouzhonghuawenhualichang,chuanchengzhonghuawenhuajiyin,goujiangeminzugongyoujingshenjiayuan,shibaokuoxinjianggezurenminzaineidequanzhongguorenmindegongtongzerenhezhuiqiu。dangqian,zaiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangjianqianglingdaoxia,zaiquanguorenmindeguanxinzhichixia,xinjianggezurenminzhengzaiweishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaohezhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengerbuxienuli,xinjiangdemingtianhuigengjiameihao,xinjiangdemingtianyidinghuigengjiameihao!


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